Former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark Appeals to the UN to Halt Bush's Plunge toward War
October 11, 2002
The following letter by former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark was sent to all members of the UN Security Council, with copies to the UN General Assembly. Source: International Action Center www.iacenter.org
Former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark announces a nationwide demonstration against plans for US aggression. Credit: CSpan
Secretary General Kofi Annan
United Nations New York, NY
September 20, 2002
Dear Secretary General Annan,
George Bush will invade Iraq unless restrained by the United Nations
. If the UN, above all, fails to oppose a US invasion of Iraq, it will forfeit its honor, integrity and raison d'etre.
A military attack on Iraq is obviously criminal; completely inconsistent with urgent needs of the Peoples of the United Nations; unjustifiable on any legal or moral ground; irrational in light of the known facts; out of proportion to other existing threats of war and violence; and a dangerous adventure risking continuing conflict throughout the region and far beyond for years to come.
1. President George Bush Came to Office Determined to Attack Iraq and Change its Government.
Having stated that he did not believe Iraq would accept UN inspectors, [Bush] responded to Iraq's prompt, unconditional acceptance by calling any reliance on it a "false hope" and promising to attack Iraq alone if the UN does not act.
He is obsessed with the desire to wage war against Iraq and install his surrogates to govern Iraq by force. Days after the most bellicose address ever made before the United Nations an unprecedented assault on the Charter of the United Nations, the rule of law and the quest for peace the US announced it was changing its stated targets in Iraq (from retaliation for threats and attacks on US aircraft which were illegally invading Iraq's airspace on a daily basis). How serious could those threats and attacks have been if no US aircraft was ever hit? Yet hundreds of people were killed in Iraq by US rockets and bombs, and not just in the so called "no fly zone," but in Baghdad itself.
Now the US proclaims its intentions to destroy major military facilities in Iraq in preparation for its invasion, a clear promise of aggression now. Every day there are threats and more propaganda is unleashed to overcome resistance to George Bush's rush to war. The acceleration will continue until the tanks roll, unless nonviolent persuasion prevails.
2. George Bush Is Leading the US and Taking the UN and All Nations toward a Lawless World of Endless Wars.
has asserted his right to attack any country, organization, or people first, without warning in his sole discretion. He and members of his administration have proclaimed the old restraints that law sought to impose on aggression
[are] no longer consistent with national security. Terrorism is such a danger, they say, that necessity compels the US to strike first to destroy the potential for terrorist acts from abroad and to make arbitrary arrests, detentions, interrogations, controls and treatment of people abroad and within the US Law has become the enemy of public safety. "Necessity is the argument of tyrants."
The Peoples of the United Nations are threatened with the end of international law and protection for human rights by George Bush's war on terrorism and determination to invade Iraq. Since George Bush proclaimed his "war on terrorism," other countries have claimed the right to strike first.
India and Pakistan brought the Earth and their own people closer to nuclear conflict than at any time since October 1962 as a direct consequence of claims by the US of the unrestricted right to pursue and kill terrorists or attack nations protecting them based on a unilateral decision without consulting the United Nations, a trial, or revealing any clear factual basis for claiming its targets are terrorists and confined to them
On September 11, 2002, Colombia, whose new administration is strongly supported by the US, "claimed new authority to arrest suspects without warrants and declare zones under military control," including "new powers, which also make it easier to wiretap phones and... allow security agents to enter your house or office without a warrant at any time of day because they think you're suspicious." These additional threats to human rights follow
emergency plans to set up a network of a million informants in a nation of 40 million.
3. The US, Not Iraq, Is the Greatest Single Threat to the Independence and Purpose of the United Nations.
"You're either with us or you're against us." The only thing that stands between Bush's dream of world domination is the United Nations. Credit: UN/USAF/Graphic by The-Edge
President Bush's claim that Iraq is a threat justifying war is false. Eighty percent of Iraq's military capacity was destroyed in 1991 according to the Pentagon. Ninety percent of materials and equipment required to manufacture weapons of mass destruction was destroyed by UN inspectors during more than eight years of inspections.
Iraq was powerful, compared to most of its neighbors, in 1990. Today it is weak. One infant out of four born live in Iraq weighs less than 2 kilos [4.4 pounds], promising short lives, illness and impaired development.
Any threat to peace Iraq might become is remote, far less than that of many other nations and groups and cannot justify a violent assault. An attack on Iraq will make attacks in retaliation against the US and governments which support its actions far more probable for years to come.
George Bush proclaims Iraq a threat to the authority of the UN while US-coerced UN sanctions continue to cause the death rate of the Iraqi people to increase. Deaths caused by sanctions have been at genocidal levels for 12 years. Iraq can only plead helplessly for an end to this crime against its people. The UN role in the sanctions against Iraq compromise and stain the UN's integrity and honor.
Inspections were used as an excuse to continue sanctions for eight years while thousands of Iraqi children and elderly died each month. Iraq is the victim of criminal sanctions that should have been lifted in 1991. For every person killed by terrorist acts in the US on 9/11, five hundred people have died in Iraq from sanctions.
It is the US that threatens not merely the authority of the United Nations, but its independence, integrity and hope for effectiveness. The US pays UN dues if, when and in the amount it chooses. It coerces votes of members. It coerces choices of personnel on the Secretariat. It rejoined UNESCO to gain temporary favor after 18 years of opposition to its very purposes. It places spies in UN inspection teams.
The US has renounced treaties controlling nuclear weapons and their proliferation, voted against the protocol enabling enforcement of the Biological Weapons Convention, rejected the treaty banning land mines, endeavored to prevent its creation and since to cripple the International Criminal Court, and frustrated the Convention on the Child and the prohibition against using children in war. The US has opposed virtually every other international effort to control and limit war, protect the environment, reduce poverty and protect health.
George Bush cites two invasions of other countries by Iraq during the last 22 years. He ignores the many scores of US invasions and assaults on other countries in Africa, Asia, and the Americas during the last 220 years, and the permanent seizure of lands from Native Americans and other nations. In the same last 22 years the US has invaded, or assaulted Grenada, Nicaragua, Libya, Panama, Haiti, Somalia, Sudan, Iraq, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and others directly, while supporting assaults and invasions elsewhere in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
The US invaded and occupied little Grenada in 1983 after a year of threats, killing hundreds of civilians and destroying its small mental hospital, where many patients died.
In a surprise attack on the sleeping and defenseless cities of Tripoli and Benghazi in April 1986, the US killed hundreds of civilians and damaged four foreign embassies.
It launched 21 Tomahawk cruise missiles against the Khartoum in August 1998, destroying the source of half the medicines available to the people of Sudan.
For years it has armed forces in Uganda and southern Sudan fighting the government of Sudan.
The US has bombed Iraq on hundreds of occasions since the Gulf War, including this week, killing hundreds of people without a casualty or damage to an attacking plane.
4. Why Has George Bush Decided the US Must Attack Iraq Now?
There is no rational basis to believe Iraq is a threat to the United States, or any other country. The reason to attack Iraq must be found elsewhere. As governor of Texas, George Bush presided over scores of executions, more than any governor in the United States since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976 (after a hiatus from 1967)
His motives may include to save a failing Presidency which has converted a healthy economy and treasury surplus into multi-trillion dollar losses; to fulfill the dream, which will become a nightmare, of a New World Order to serve special interests in the US; to settle a family grudge against Iraq; to weaken the Arab nation, one people at a time; to strike a Muslim nation to weaken Islam; to protect Israel, or make its position more dominant in the region; to secure control of Iraq's oil to enrich US Interests, further dominate oil in the region and control oil prices.
Aggression against Iraq for any of these purposes is criminal and a violation of a great many international conventions and laws including the General Assembly Resolution on the Definition of Aggression of December 14, 1974.
Prior regime changes by the US brought to power among a long list of tyrants, such leaders as the Shah of Iran, Mobutu in the Congo, Pinochet in Chile, all replacing democratically elected heads of government.
5. A Rational Policy Intended to Reduce the Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East Must Include Israel.
A UN or US policy of selecting enemies of the US for attack is criminal and can only heighten hatred, division, terrorism and lead to war.
The US gives Israel far more aid per capita than the total per capita income of sub Sahara Africans from all sources.
US-coerced sanctions have reduced per capita income for the people of Iraq by 75% since 1989.
Per capita income in Israel over the past decade has been approximately 12 times the per capita income of Palestinians.
Israel increased its decades-long attacks on the Palestinian people, using George Bush's proclamation of war on terrorism as an excuse, to indiscriminately destroy cities and towns in the West Bank and Gaza and seize more land in violation of international law and repeated Security Council and General Assembly resolutions.
Israel has a stockpile of hundreds of nuclear warheads derived from the United States, sophisticated rockets capable of accurate delivery at distances of several thousand kilometers, and contracts with the US for joint development of more sophisticated rocketry and other arms with the US Possession of weapons of mass destruction by a single nation in a region with a history of hostility promotes a race for proliferation and war.
The UN must act to reduce and eliminate all weapons of mass destruction, not submit to demands to punish areas of evil and enemies of the superpower that possesses the majority of all such weapons and capacity for their delivery. Israel has violated and ignored more UN Resolutions for 40 years than any other nation. It has done so with impunity.
The violation of Security Council resolutions cannot be the basis for a UN-approved assault on any nation, or people, in a time of peace, or the absence of a threat of imminent attack, but comparable efforts to enforce Security Council resolutions must be made against all nations who violate them.
6. The Choice Is War Or Peace.
The UN and the US must seek peace, not war. An attack on Iraq may open a Pandora's box that will condemn the world to decades of spreading violence. Peace is not only possible; it is essential, considering the heights to which science and technology have raised the human art of planetary and self-destruction.
If George Bush is permitted to attack Iraq with or without the approval of the UN, he will become Public Enemy Number One and the UN itself worse than useless, an accomplice in the wars it was created to end.
This is a defining moment for the United Nations. Will it stand strong, independent and true to its Charter, international law and the reasons for its being, or will it submit to the coercion of a superpower leading us toward a lawless world and condone war against the cradle of civilization?
Do not let this happen.
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